“People who know little are usually great talkers, while men who know much say little.”
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Tuesday, March 1, 2011
These are conditions necessary to the success of a speech act. They take their name from a Latin root -“felix”or “happy”. They are conditions needed for success or achievement of a performative. Only certain people are qualified to declare war, baptize people or sentence convicted felons. In some cases, the speaker must besincere(as in apologizing or vowing). Andexternal circumstancesmust be suitable: “Can you give me a lift?” requires that the hearer has a motor vehicle, is able to drive it somewhere and that the speaker has a reason for the request. It may be that the utterance is meant as a joke or sarcasm, in which case a different interpretation is in order. Loosely speaking, felicity conditions are of three kinds:preparatory conditions, conditions for executionandsincerity conditions.